Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal
http://www.mtprehab.periodikos.com.br/article/doi/10.17784/mtprehabjournal.2015.13.296
Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal
Research Article

Ten seconds of passive stretching reduces the maximum strength

Di Mauro, Henrique Scomparim; Moriggi Junior, Roberto; Dias, Sergio de Carvalho; Matos, Jaqueline Maria de; Urtado, Christiano Bertoldo

Downloads: 0
Views: 647

Abstract

Background: The flexibility and strength are the physical connected capabilities of the individual autonomy. When these are in adequate levels a considerable improvement in the quality of life of children, young, adults and older people has been noted. Nevertheless, for the development of these capabilities to be significant there must be an intervention of strength training (ST) and flexibility. However, according to recent evidence, there may be a possible interference between these two capabilities when performed in the same session, and the magnitude of this interference can be closely related to the duration and intensity of stretching. Objective: To assess whether the series of high intensity stretching (Flexing or stretching to its maximum amplitude) lasting ten seconds could negatively influence the strength generation. Method/Design: Were evaluated nine healthy volunteers practitioners of ST. Maximum strength was tested with and without a single stretching series, before the 1RM test (test re-test). Data were presented as mean ± standard deviation and the significance level was 0.05. Results: The results shows that the use of flexibility maneuver (FM) lasting 10 seconds in levels 8-10 visual analogue pain scale (classified as severe) was enough to depress at 3.15% (p = 0.021 95% CI = 0.42 to 4.01) maximum strength of subjects when compared to the method without MF. Conclusions: These data suggests that stretching may negatively interfere with the generation of maximum strength even in little time, leaving questionable practice for events that precede strength generation.

Keywords

flexibility, maximum strength, bench press

References

Dantas, EHM. Alongamento e Flexionamento. 5ª Ed. Rio de Janeiro: Shape, 2005.

Cadore EL, Pinto RS, Kruel LFM. Adaptações neuromusculares ao treinamento de força e concorrente em homens idosos. RevBras de Cineantropom e Desenvolvimento Hum. 2012;14(4):483-95.

Almeida TT, Jabur MN. Mitos e verdades sobre flexibilidade: reflexões sobre o treinamento de flexibilidade na saúde dos seres humanos. Motricidade. 2006;3(1):337-44.

Coelho LFS. O treino da flexibilidade muscular e o aumento da amplitude de movimento: uma revisão crítica da literatura. Motricidade. 2007;4(3):61-72.

American College of Sports Medicine. Position stand - Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for rescribing exercise. MedSci Sports Exerc. 2011;3(7):1334-59.

Kraemer WJ, Ratamess NA. Physiology of resistance training: current issues. Orthop. Phys. Therapy Clin. North Am.:Exerc. Tech. 2000;467-13.

Michelin E, Coelho CF, Burini RC. Efeito de um mês de destreinamento sobre a aptidão física relacionada à saúde em programa de mudança de estilo de vida. RevBrasMed Esporte. 2008;14(3):192-6.

SafranMR, Seaber AV, Garrett WE Jr. Warm-up and muscular injury prevention: an update. Sports Med. 1989;8:239–49.

Bixler B, Jones RL. High-school football injuries: effects of a post-halftime warm-up and stretching routine. FamPract Res J. 1992;12:131–9.

Marek SM, Cramer JT, Fincher AL, Massey LL, Dangelmaier SM, Purkayastha S, et al. Acute Effects of Static and Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Stretching on Muscle Strength and Power Output Culbertson. J Athl Train. 2005;40(2):94–03.

ShellockFG, Prentice WE. Warming-up and stretching for improved physical performance and prevention of sports-related injuries. Sports Med. 1985;2:267–78.

Smith CA. The warm-up procedure: to stretch or not to stretch. A brief review.J Orthop Sports PhysTher. 1994;19:12–7.

Costa EC, Santos CM, Prestes J, Silva JB, Knackfuss MI. Efeito agudo do alongamento estático no desempenho de força de atletas de jiu-jítsu no supino horizontal. Fit Perf J 2009;8(3):212-7.

Kay AD, BlazevichAJ. Effect of Acute Static Stretch on Maximal Muscle Performance: A Systematic Review. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012;44(1):154-64.

Nogueira CJ, Galdino LAS, Vale RGS, Dantas EHM. Efeito agudo do alongamento submáximo e do método de facilitação neuromuscular proprioceptiva sobre a força explosiva. HU Revista. 2009;35(1):43-8.

Prati JELR, Machado SEC. Efeitos agudos da flexibilidade sobre a força muscular. Revista Brasileira de Fisiologia do Exercício. 2006;5(1):50-5.

Simão R, Giacomini MB, Dornelles TS, Marramom MGF, Viveiros LE. Influencia do aquecimento específico e da flexibilidade no teste de 1RM. Revista Brasileira de Fisiologia do Exercício. 2003;2:134-40.

Prati JELR, Machado SEC, Jacob Sobrinho AH, Carvalho MCGA, Dantas EHM. Efeito agudo do flexionamento passivo sobre a força máxima: um estudo experimental. Fit Perf J. 2006;5:311-7.

Nascimento MA, Cyrino ES, Nakamura FY, Romanzini M, PiancaHJC, Queiróga MR. Validação da equação de Brzycki para a estimativa de 1-RM no exercício supino em banco horizontal. RevBrasMed Esporte. 2007;13(1):47-50.

Panveloski-Costa AC, Papoti M, Moreira RJ, Seraphim PM. Respostas lactacidêmicas de ratos ao treinamento intermitente de alta intensidade. RevBrasMed Esporte. 2012;18(2):122-5.

Gomes TM, Rubin EC, Homero Junior SN, Novaes JS, Trindade A. Efeito agudo dos alongamentos estático e FNP sobre o desempenho da força dinâmica máxima. Revista Brasileira de Fisiologia do Exercício. 2005;4(1):13-6.

Oliveira DP, Silva LC, Alonso O. Efeito do alongamento prévio no desempenho em teste de força muscular máxima. RevBras de Ciências da Saúde. 2008;3(17):54-8.

Endlich PW. Efeitos agudos do alongamento estático no desempenho da força dinâmica em homens jovens. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 2009;15(3):200-03.

Kubo K, Kanehisa H, Fukunaga T. Effects of resistance and stretching training programmes on the viscoelastic properties of human tendon structures in vivo. J Physiol. 2002;1:219-26.

Kubo K, Kanehisa H, Kawakami Y, Fukunaga T. Influence of static stretching on viscoelastic properties of human tendon structures in vivo. J Appl Phys. 2001;90:520-7.

Wilson GJ, Murphy AJ, Pryor JF. Muscle tendinous stiffness: its relationship to eccentric, isometric, and concentric performance. J Appl Phys. 1994;76:2714-9.

Souza JCF, Penoni ACO. Efeito agudo dos métodos de alongamento estático e dinâmico sobre a força dinâmica. Conexões. 2008;6:132-43.

588167df7f8c9d710a8b45ad mtprehab Articles
Links & Downloads

Man. Ther., Posturology Rehabil. J.

Share this page
Page Sections